Intellectual property (IP), particularly patents, is effectively a high-stakes chess match between the inventor/applicant and the particular patent office of a particular country in which the inventor/applicant is striving to achieve patent protection as a result of obtaining a patent from the particular patent office of the particular country. As with any chess match, the objective is to effectively achieve checkmate – placing the patent application claims in condition for allowance whereby the examiner will agree to allow the patent application to proceed toward grant and issuance of the patent. So the chess match effectively begins by the inventor/applicant making the first move by filing the patent application. The patent examiner of the particular patent office then counters that move by usually issuing a rejection. The inventor/applicant, in turn, counters that move by presenting written arguments and/or amendments to the claims until check-mate is in fact achieved whereby the patent application is approved for allowance and the patent is granted and issued.